Macular Degeneration (AMD), also known as Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is an eye disease affecting millions of people worldwide.
There are two forms of macular degeneration: 1. Wet Form; and 2. Dry Form.
The Wet Form of macular degeneration consists of about 10% to 15% of all macular degeneration cases and the dry form consists of 85% to 90% of patient cases.
Macular Degeneration: The Wet Form:
Wet macular degeneration happens when abnormal blood vessels that are behind the retina begin to grow under the macula. These blood vessels begin to leak fluid and the macula gets moved from its original position in the eye. This causes quick deterioration and damage to the macula.
Dry macular degeneration usually affects both eyes, however, you can lose vision in only one eye while the remaining eye goes unaffected.
Macular Degeneration: The Dry Form
Dry macular degeneration occurs when the light-sensitive cells in the eye begin to break down. This causes blurry central vision in the eye that is being affected. As the condition worsens, it can create a blur spot in the center of your vision, which make it difficult to read, recognize faces, and even operate a motor vehicle.